Today in Russia Day of missile troops and artillery

Day of missile troops and artillery celebrated annually on November 19 on the basis of Presidential Decree of 31 May 2006 “On the establishment of professional holidays and memorable days in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation” as a memorial day established in recognition of military experts in solving the problems of national defense and security and designed to contribute to the revival and development of domestic military traditions, raising the prestige of military service.

Artillery - one of the oldest branches of service. The first information about the appearance of artillery in Russia relate to 1382. It was then when defending Moscow from troops Khan Tokhtamysh Muscovites used against besieging artillery first, “mattresses” and “great guns”.

As an independent branch of service, able to provide the infantry and cavalry in battle, artillery stood out in the XVI century until the end of the XVII century and served by gunners Pishalnikov. At the beginning of the XVIII century was the division artillery on the field (including the regimental), the siege and the land. At the end of the XVIII century finally took shape horse artillery, and at the beginning of the XIX century began to form artillery regiments and brigades. In the 1840s, there was a mountain artillery.

The Russian-Japanese war of 1904-1905 Russian gunners shooting was first used indirect fire; Then there were mortars. By the beginning of World War I (1914-1918) was divided into field artillery (light, horse, mountain), the field more and more difficult (siege). During the war, he was born and anti-aircraft self-propelled artillery, and later - antitank.

In World War II (1939-1945) there was a rocket artillery and widespread anti-aircraft, anti-tank and self-propelled artillery.

In all wars and battles, which involved Russian army artillery makes a decisive contribution to the common victory. Figuratively called in 1940 “the god of war,” it lives up to its destiny on the battlefields of the Great Patriotic War. Virtually all operations artillery fulfilled the most important tasks and was a major defeat of the enemy firepower.

For Military Merit during World War II more than 1,800 artillery awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union, 1.6 million people were awarded orders and medals.

In commemoration of the gunners in the counteroffensive at Stalingrad, which began on November 19, 1942, decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on October 21, 1944 was established memorable date - the Day of artillery.

That artillery operation at the beginning of a powerful fire strikes inflicted heavy losses on the enemy and disrupt the entire system of its defense, which allowed the Soviet troops, to avoid significant losses to start a counter-offensive, which ended with the defeat of the enemy and the environment at Stalingrad.

After the war, artillery continued to grow - developing new, more modern and more powerful models of weapons ………

19 November 2015

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